Crayola crayons were the first kids crayons ever made, invented by Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith. The first box of eight Crayola crayons debuted in 1903, sold for five cents. The colors were black, brown, blue, red, purple, orange, yellow, and green. The word Crayola was created by Alice Stead Binney (wife of Edwin Binney) who took the French words for chalk (craie) and oily (oleaginous) and combined them.
Today there are 120 colors, here is the History of Crayola Color.
Colors Available Beginning 1903
Number of Colors: 8
Colors Available 1949 – 1957
Number of Colors: 48
|Bittersweet||Gray||Orange Red||Spring Green|
|Blue Green||Green Yellow||Periwinkle||Turquoise Blue|
|Blue Violet||Lemon Yellow||Pine Green||Violet (Purple)|
|Brick Red||Magenta||Prussian Blue*||Violet Blue|
|Burnt Sienna||Maize||Red Orange||White|
|Carnation Pink||Maroon||Red Violet||Yellow|
|Flesh**||Olive Green||Sea Green||Yellow Orange|
*Name changed to “midnight blue” in 1958 in response to teachers’ requests.
**Name voluntarily changed to “peach” in 1962, partially as a result of the U. S. Civil Rights Movement.
Colors Available 1958-1971
Number of Colors: 64
All colors previously listed plus the following colors added in 1958.
|Blue Gray||Forest Green||Mulberry||Raw Umber|
|Burnt Orange||Goldenrod||Navy blue||Sepia|
|Cadet Blue||Indian Red***||Plum||Sky Blue|
***Indian Red is renamed Chestnut in 1999 in response to educators who felt some children wrongly perceived the crayon color was intended to represent the skin color of Native Americans. The name originated from a reddish-brown pigment found near India commonly used in fine artist oil paint.
Colors Available 1972-1989
Number of Colors: 72
All colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1972.
|Chartreuse||Ultra Blue||Ultra Orange||Ultra Red|
|Hot Magenta||Ultra Green||Ultra Pink||Ultra Yellow|
|Fluorescent colors name change in 1990.|
|Atomic Tangerine||Hot Magenta||Outrageous Orange||Shocking Pink|
|Blizzard Blue||Laser Lemon||Screamin’ Green||Wild Watermelon|
Colors Available 1990-1992
Number of Colors: 80
All Colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1990.
|Electric Lime||Purple Pizzazz||Razzle Dazzle Rose||Unmellow Yellow|
|Magic Mint||Radical Red||Sunglow||Neon Carrot|
In 1990, eight colors were retired and replaced by eight new shades.
|Orange Red||Vivid Tangerine|
|Orange Yellow||Jungle Green|
|Lemon Yellow||Teal Blue|
|Blue Gray||Royal Purple|
|Raw Umber||Wild Strawberry|
Retired colors were enshrined in the Crayola Hall of Fame on August 7, 1990.
Colors Available 1993
16 new colors added in 1993, named by consumers
Number of Colors: 96
|Asparagus||Macaroni and Cheese||Razzmatazz||Timber Wolf|
|Cerise||Mauvelous||Robin’s Egg Blue||Tropical Rain Forest|
|Granny Smith Apple||Purple Mountain’s Majesty||Tickle Me Pink||Wisteria|
Colors Available 1998
24 new colors added
Number of Colors: 120
|Antique Brass||Caribbean Green||Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown||Purple Heart|
|Banana Mania||Cotton Candy||Manatee||Shadow|
|Beaver||Blush||Mountain Meadow||Sunset Orange|
|Blue Bell||Desert Sand||Outer Space||Torch Red|
|Pink Sherbet||Eggplant||Piggy Pink||Vivid Violet|
In addition, Binney & Smith produces several assortments of specialty crayons.
Colors Available 2000
All colors previously listed with the following exceptions. Thistle was removed from the 120-count assortment to make room for indigo; torch red was renamed scarlet.
Colors Available 2003
4 new colors added, 4 retired
Number of Colors: 120
wild blue yonder