Monday Motivator 48 #color #crayon #crayola #art

Crayola crayons were the first kids crayons ever made, invented by Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith. The first box of eight Crayola crayons debuted in 1903, sold for five cents.  The colors were black, brown, blue, red, purple, orange, yellow, and green. The word Crayola was created by Alice Stead Binney (wife of Edwin Binney) who took the French words for chalk (craie) and oily (oleaginous) and combined them.

Today there are 120 colors, here is the History of Crayola Color.


Colors Available Beginning 1903

Number of Colors: 8

Black Brown Orange Violet
Blue Green Red Yellow

 


 

Colors Available 1949 – 1957

Number of Colors: 48

Apricot Gold Orange Silver
Bittersweet Gray Orange Red Spring Green
Black Green Orange Yellow Tan
Blue Green Blue Orchid Thistle
Blue Green Green Yellow Periwinkle Turquoise Blue
Blue Violet Lemon Yellow Pine Green Violet (Purple)
Brick Red Magenta Prussian Blue* Violet Blue
Brown Mahogany Red Violet Red
Burnt Sienna Maize Red Orange White
Carnation Pink Maroon Red Violet Yellow
Cornflower Melon Salmon Yellow Green
Flesh** Olive Green Sea Green Yellow Orange

*Name changed to “midnight blue” in 1958 in response to teachers’ requests.
**Name voluntarily changed to “peach” in 1962, partially as a result of the U. S. Civil Rights Movement.


 

Colors Available 1958-1971

Number of Colors: 64

All colors previously listed plus the following colors added in 1958.

Aquamarine Copper Lavender Raw Sienna
Blue Gray Forest Green Mulberry Raw Umber
Burnt Orange Goldenrod Navy blue Sepia
Cadet Blue Indian Red*** Plum Sky Blue

***Indian Red is renamed Chestnut in 1999 in response to educators who felt some children wrongly perceived the crayon color was intended to represent the skin color of Native Americans. The name originated from a reddish-brown pigment found near India commonly used in fine artist oil paint.


 

Colors Available 1972-1989

Number of Colors: 72

All colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1972.

Chartreuse Ultra Blue Ultra Orange Ultra Red
Hot Magenta Ultra Green Ultra Pink Ultra Yellow
Fluorescent colors name change in 1990.
Atomic Tangerine Hot Magenta Outrageous Orange Shocking Pink
Blizzard Blue Laser Lemon Screamin’ Green Wild Watermelon

 


Colors Available 1990-1992

Number of Colors: 80

All Colors previously listed plus the following fluorescent colors added in 1990.

Electric Lime Purple Pizzazz Razzle Dazzle Rose Unmellow Yellow
Magic Mint Radical Red Sunglow Neon Carrot

 

In 1990, eight colors were retired and replaced by eight new shades.

Retired Colors
Replacement Colors
Green Blue Cerulean
Orange Red Vivid Tangerine
Orange Yellow Jungle Green
Violet Blue Fuchsia
Maize Dandelion
Lemon Yellow Teal Blue
Blue Gray Royal Purple
Raw Umber Wild Strawberry

 

Retired colors were enshrined in the Crayola Hall of Fame on August 7, 1990.


Colors Available 1993

16 new colors added in 1993, named by consumers

Number of Colors: 96

Asparagus Macaroni and Cheese Razzmatazz Timber Wolf
Cerise Mauvelous Robin’s Egg Blue Tropical Rain Forest
Denim Pacific Blue Shamrock Tumbleweed
Granny Smith Apple Purple Mountain’s Majesty Tickle Me Pink Wisteria

 


Colors Available 1998

24 new colors added

Number of Colors: 120

Almond Canary Fern Pink Flamingo
Antique Brass Caribbean Green Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown Purple Heart
Banana Mania Cotton Candy Manatee Shadow
Beaver Blush Mountain Meadow Sunset Orange
Blue Bell Desert Sand Outer Space Torch Red
Pink Sherbet Eggplant Piggy Pink Vivid Violet

 

In addition, Binney & Smith produces several assortments of specialty crayons.



Colors Available 2000

All colors previously listed with the following exceptions. Thistle was removed from the 120-count assortment to make room for indigo; torch red was renamed scarlet.


Colors Available 2003

4 new colors added, 4 retired

Number of Colors: 120

New Colors
inch worm
jazzberry jam
mango tango
wild blue yonder
Retired Colors
blizzard blue
magic mint
mulberry
teal blue
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